While the 2019 HRW wheat harvest continues in Texas 42% (up 10% from last week), Oklahoma 25% (up 7% from last week) and Kansas (no real gains from last week), rain continues to remain the key problem thoughout all three states. Rain ranging from showers to squall lines accompanied by heavy rains training over the same area for long-periods of time have kept combines from running in east Texas, most of Oklahoma and Kansas. The Texas increase was principally due harvest progress this week in areas of southwest and west central parts of the state. The Oklahoma harvest also moved further west (and extended northward to some extent) this week accounting for much of the 7% increase in harvested acres. Texas and Oklahoma are both reporting an overall average protein of 11% with test weights still above 58 lb/bu (76.4 kg/hl ). Yields are still being reported as very good and well above both state’s long-term averages. Both states are still reporting being 10 days to 2 weeks behind normal harvest dates. Oklahoma is reporting higher protein as harvest has moved northward and is optimistic, as is Kansas, protein content will continue the upward trend as harvest continues.
As was reported last week the first 40 samples of the 2019 HRW harvest were delivered to Enid Grain Inspection on Thursday and were delivered to the USDA Wheat Quality Lab in Manhattan, Kansas Monday. The area represented is central Texas though the southern half of southwest Oklahoma. The test weigh average of those samples was 59.7 lbs/bu. (78.6 kg/hl), 0.4% dockage, total defects of 1.3% and an average protein content of 10.9%. Additional results are now available on those 40 samples regarding kernel characteristics, average TKW 33.0 grams (higher than test weight would have indicated and good news for millers concerning potential extraction). Average kernel diameter is 2.70 mm, very good and another indicator of extraction. However, the average SKCS hardness is low for HRW at 55, but not total unexpected considering the cool temperatures and high humidity during the final stages of crop development and dry down.