Your Link to Quality Wheat

We Serve hard red winter(HRW) wheat producers through our quality testing, timely reporting, enhanced marketing and the development of the buyer relationships.

Plains Grains Inc.

Operating Across the Great Plains and Pacific Northwest

2020 Crop Production Review & Analysis

OVERVIEW: The 2020 hard red winter (HRW) wheat crop was unique in several respects. This crop does hold value for about every customer. Overall, the crop had very few insect or disease issues throughout the entire growing season.
Most kernel characteristics are similar or equal better than last year. However, average test weight and thousand kernel weight exceeded the 5-year averages. Similarly, most flour, dough and bake data were equal to or better than last year, but again there were several exceptions that exceeded the 5-year averages. Those included the W-values, farinograph peak time, farinograph stability time, bake absorption and loaf volume.
Overall, the 2020 crop has good milling and processing characteristics and should provide customers with an exceptionally good range of quality and value.

WEATHER AND HARVEST: The 2020 HRW planted area was again near historic 100-year lows, continuing the trend of recent years, HRW production is estimated at 18.9 MMT (695 mil bu), a 3.8 MMT decrease from 2019.
Moisture (or lack of) and below freezing temperatures during the later stages of crop development defined the 2020 crop in the central and southern Great Plains. Eastern areas of that region experienced favorable growing conditions and subsequently realized near record yields (per unit area), particularly good kernel characteristics, but lower protein. At the same time western areas of the central and southern Great Plains experienced drought and freeze events during the later stages of crop development that adversely affected the crop resulting in lower yields and smaller kernels, but higher protein. With very few exceptions disease and insects were not a major issue for the 2020 HRW crop.
The northern Great Plains and Pacific Northwest (PNW) faced variable growing conditions as well. Washington, Montana, Idaho and South Dakota all harvested a crop that was at record or near record yields (per unit area) with generally particularly good kernel characteristics and protein. At the same time Oregon experienced a significant reduction in yield due to unseasonably dry weather.

WHEAT AND GRADE DATA: Overall 92% of Composite, 90% of Gulf Tributary and 96% of PNW Tributary samples graded U.S. No. 2 or better. Average test weight of 61.4 lb/bu (80.8 kg/hl) is above the 2019 average of 60.6 lb/bu (79.6 kg/hl) and above the 5-year average of 60.4 lb/bu (79.4 kg/hl). Average dockage (0.5%), total defects (1.4%) and foreign material (0.1%) are all equal to or like 2019 and the 5-year averages. Average shrunken and broken is (1.1%), above 2019 (0.8%) and above the 5-year average (1.0%). Average thousand kernel weight of 31.2g while less than 2019 (32.7g), is like the 5-year average (31.1g). Protein is (11.9%), above last year (11.4%) and slightly lower than the 5-year average (12.1%). The average wheat falling number is 369 sec, indicative of sound wheat.

FLOUR AND BAKING DATA: The Buhler laboratory mill flour yield average is 73.5%, slightly lower than the 2019 average (74.5%) and the 5-year average (75.4%). The 2020 flour ash of 0.49% (14% mb) is comparable to last year’s 0.48%, but lower than the 5-year average of 0.54%. The alveograph W value of 261(10-4 J) is significantly higher than last year and the 5-year averages (223 and 232 10-4 J) respectively. Farinograph peak time (5.3 minutes) is higher than in 2019 and 5-year respectfully (3.3 and 4.6) minutes. Stability time (10.3 minutes) is significantly higher than last year and the 5-year average of (7.3 minutes and 8.1 minutes) respectively. Average bake absorption is 63.1%, above the 62.7% value for 2019 and the 5-year average of 62.9%. Overall loaf volume averaged 859 cc and is comparable to last year’s 863 cc and to the 5-year average of 853 cc.

NOTE: Sample averages are simple averages not weighted for production.

Who We Are & What We Do

Hard Red Wheat FieldPlains Grains, Inc. (PGI) is a private, nonprofit wheat marketing organization dedicated to providing the link between producers of hard red winter (HRW) wheat, grain companies, and foreign and domestic flour millers to benefit all segments of the wheat industry.

Our mission is to:

  • Gather and deliver timely quality and production data
  • Cultivate relationships between producers, elevators, grain handlers, and domestic and foreign millers
  • Effectively market the quality characteristics of annual HRW wheat to interested buyers

We serve the Great Plains and Pacific Northwest states of Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Washington and Wyoming and are guided by a board of directors who represent these states.

How We Work with Customers

We work with buyers and producers of hard red winter wheat(HRW). For buyers we help want to help you make the best possible purchasing decisions based on the most up-to-date quality wheat information. For sellers we’re able to provide quality data to market your wheat, along with PGI buyer connections to ensure wheat producers receive a fair price.

  • Buyers

    Helping you find the quality you want.

    We are dedicated to helping buyers of hard red winter (HRW) wheat make the best possible purchasing decisions based on the most up-to-date quality wheat information. Through our established relationships with producers, elevators, grain handlers, and domestic and foreign millers, we gather HRW wheat crop quality and production data directly from the sources. Quality testing accurately defines the value of the current year’s HRW wheat for millers and bakers by demonstrating:

    • Where wheat of specific quality can be originated
    • Factors used to determine the value for application in end-use products
    • Unbiased third-party evaluation of flour, dough, and baking properties
  • Producers

    Helping you successfully market your wheat

    Our goal is to successfully link producers of hard red winter (HRW) wheat with buyers from around the globe seeking quality product at a fair price. We are continually identifying ways to strengthen relationships with both domestic and foreign buyers to complement the efforts of U.S. Wheat Associates to market HRW wheat. By providing quality data, we can help millers and bakers make purchasing decisions based on quality factors as well as price. Our annual quality survey helps ensure buyers purchase a consistent product—they will know what to expect from HRW wheat in PGI’s member states. This decreases risk, ensures quality, and allows wheat producers to receive a fair price.

Recent News & Articles

  • Plains Grains Final Report 2020

    OVERVIEW: The 2020 hard red winter (HRW) wheat crop was unique in several respects. This crop does hold value for about every customer. Overall, the crop had very few insect or disease […]Read More

  • PGI HRW Harvest Report September 11, 2020

    This is the last 2020 HRW wheat harvest summary, there will be a final data summary report issued by mid-October. That report will include weighted data (for production and protein breakouts), in […]Read More

  • PGI HRW Harvest Summary September 4 2020

    The 2020 HRW wheat harvest has now wrapped up in virtually every state as preparations begin for the 2021 crop being planted. The Washington State Department of Agriculture Grain Inspection labs (Spokane, […]Read More

  • PGI HRW Harvest Summary August 28 2020

    The remaining states in the Pacific Northwest still harvesting HRW should finish up over the weekend or early next week.  Idaho and Washington are at or just above 90% complete while Oregon […]Read More

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